The complex consists of two L-shaped, steel-frame structures: a three-story east wing housing laboratories and a two-story west wing with lecture halls, classrooms and offices. Both wings are connected via bridges over a walkway. The structures also include four 120-seat lecture halls, administrative offices, an outdoor classroom and a science court.
To create the college’s new sciences complex, HGA designers used science itself as a model. In order to achieve the coveted LEED Platinum designation, the HGA architectural team led by Principal and Project Manager James Matson, AIA, focused on a number of sustainable strategies including a restorative, carbon neutral design incorporating natural ventilation, abundant daylight and connections to the outdoors to help unburden the building of energy loads. HGA’s design will result in the building boasting net zero energy, a 54% water usage reduction, a 43% energy reduction and 18% energy self-generation from solar panels on the building itself with additional solar power provided from the campus solar panel system to achieve net zero energy.
“Inspired by nature and living biological organisms, the science complex considers siting, massing, orientation, materials and technology integrated with life science and physical science functions to achieve sustainable results,” Matson said. “By grouping science programs according to system needs, the HGA design team right-sized spaces and building systems to maximize energy efficiency.”
Though the previous Harbor College science buildings are being demolished, the new HGA design replacing them maximizes a restoration of the site. A neighboring park served as early inspiration for the project, which will feature open spaces similar to the nearby natural environment. Key to the development is the use of bio-mimicry:
To utilize the sun, the structure’s solar panels will produce electricity, somewhat replicating the photosynthesis process of a leaf converting sunlight into useable energy for a plant or tree. Likewise, the arrangement of the solar panels will also provide shade, much like a tree’s foliage would. Additionally, red and green lights on the windows will indicate when outside air conditions are favorable to opening the windows to use for natural ventilation. Building systems are linked for 100 percent active control so the building itself can read the sunlight and determine if artificial lighting is needed. While skylights are utilized elsewhere, the building’s lecture halls will be sunken into the earth allowing for thermal massing to reduce cooling loads — much the way insects do when outside temperatures are extreme. As for water, the design includes capturing rain in an underground detention basin with a 95,400 gallon capacity. The water will be held in the underground tanks. Overflow will be routed to a pond area at the south of campus for natural filtering before the water is discharged to the surrounding area.
Approximately 343,000 kilowatt hours of electricity is projected to be produced by the sciences complex’s solar panels, resulting in annual estimated energy savings of approximately $58,000 and a reduction of 135,000 pounds per year of carbon dioxide to help offset the building’s natural gas use.
The HGA architectural team includes Eric Chang, project coordinator;
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HGA is an integrated architecture, engineering and planning firm that helps prepare its clients for the future. With offices in Los Angeles, San Francisco and Sacramento, California, Minneapolis and Rochester, Minnesota; and Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the nationally recognized firm has developed expertise in the healthcare, corporate, arts, community, higher education, and science/technology industries since 1953. HGA’s culture for interdisciplinary collaboration, knowledge sharing and design investiga¬tion enables its clients to achieve success with responsive, innovative and sustainable design. Visit www.hga.com