From the very beginning, Indian literature was blessed in abundance with fables, fairy tales, mythological characters in every language and dialect possible. Many short fiction stories were translated from one regional dialect to the other to make them popular. Fakir Mohan Senapati is credited to have most probably written the first Indian short story. It was entitled ‘Lachmania’
The first Hindi short story seems to have emerged in the 1900’s. The first volume of the ‘Saraswati’
Stories were written with different themes in mind. From Madhav Rao Sapre’s ‘Eka Tokri Bhar Mitti’ which tells of the trials of a poor widow and a wealthy landlord, to Chandhradhara Guleri’s ‘Usne Kaha Tha’ a story dealing with love and life and told with vividness and clarity from the very beginning. Other forms of short stories include the exchanges by Akbar and Birbal, many of which have become folk traditions and are an integral part of the Indian tradition. The fables of Panchatantra are extremely popular even today and are considered to be as old as the Rigveda.
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