From Bullets to Ballots considers non-State Muslim organizations at different stages of abandoning violence and pursuing their goals through a political process. In strong criticism of the Bush administration, Phillips notes that the push for democracy may have increased conflict by giving violent groups “the ballot” which they use to gain power. Many groups could be case studies, but Phillips has selected the Muslim Brotherhood of Egypt, Hamas, Hezbollah, Kurdistan Workers Party, Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front, and the Free Aceh Movement, because they cover the spectrum. From Bullets to Ballots considers the relationship between ideology and policy. Phillips discusses their origin, ideology, structure and leadership and examines financing, activities, and communications. He assesses the groups’ commitment to elections and their acceptance of the responsibility that comes with governance.
About the author:
David L. Phillips is a visiting scholar at Center for the Study of Human Rights at Columbia University. Over more than two decades, he has been a proponent of democracy, human rights, and humanitarian action. Phillips has worked as a senior adviser to the United Nations Secretariat and to the U.S. Department of State. He has held academic positions at Harvard University’s Center for Middle East Studies, Columbia University’s International Conflict Resolution Program, and the American University.
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